Economics and Environmental Studies

Photo by Melissa De Witte.

This major is intended to provide students with the basic tools of economics analysis and an understanding of the mechanics of resource production, conservation, and use, in both ecological and economic terms.

Students may petition to declare the environmental studies/economics combined major once they have completed the following courses: Environmental Studies 23; Environmental Studies 24 (or Biology: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology 20C); Environmental Studies 25; Economics 1; Economics 11A; and either Applied Mathematics and Statistics 5 or 7/L.  Students receiving an NP, C-, D+, D-, or F in one of the courses required for admission to the major may only declare once they have passed the same or equivalent course with a grade of C or better. Students who receive two grades of NP, C-, D+, D-, or F in the required courses are not eligible to declare the major.

A detailed description of the environmental studies and economics major


The following is the basic outline of the course requirements.

Economics Required Courses:

    *  1 Introduction to Microeconomics
    *  2 Introduction to Macroeconomics
    *  11A and 11B* Math Methods for Economists
    *  100A or (100M) Intermediate Microeconomics
    *  113 Introduction to Econometrics

Other Required Courses (choose one from the following list):

    *  Anthropology 2
    *  Sociology 1
    *  Sociology 10
    *  Sociology 15
    *  Philosophy 22
    *  Philosophy 24
    *  Philosophy 28
    *  Biomolecular Engineering 80G

Environmental Studies Required Courses:

    * 23 The Physical and Chemical Environment
    * 24 General Ecology
    * 25 Environmental Policy and Economics
    * 100/L Ecology and Society

Economics Electives (choose three from the following list):

    * 100B or 100N (Intermediate Macroeconomics)
    * 101 (Managerial Economics)
    * 114/L (Advanced Quantitative Methods)
    * 115 (Intro to Management Science)
    * 120 (Economic Development)
    * 128 (Poverty and Public Policy)
    * 130 (Money and Banking)
    * 131 (International Financial Markets)
    * 133 (Security Markets and Financial Institutions)
    * 135 (Corporate Finance)
    * 136 (Business Strategy)
    * 138 (The Economics and Management of Technology and Innovation)
    * 139A (The Economics of Electronic Commerce)
    * 139B (E-Commerce Strategy)
    * 140 (International Trade)
    * 141 (International Finance)
    * 142 (Advanced Topics in International Finance)
    * 150 (Public Finance)
    * 156 (Health Care and Medical Economics)
    * 160A (Industrial Organization)
    * 160B (Government and Industry)
    * 161A (Marketing)
    * 165 (Economics as an Experimental Science)
    * 169 (Economic Analysis of the Law)
    * 180 (Labor Economics)
    * 183 (Women in the Economy)

Environmental Studies Electives (choose three from the following list):
Students must choose three ENVS electives numbered 101-179 only. NO SUBSTITUTIONS. Do not count internships, independent studies, EAP or courses outside ENVS.

One of the three environmental studies electives must be based in the natural sciences.

Comprehensive Requirement:
The comprehensive requirement can be met in one of the following ways: by completing one of the environmental studies senior comprehensive requirement options (Envs. 109B, Supercourse; Envs. 190, Captstone; or Envs. 196, Senior Seminar; or Envs. 183A + Envs. 183B, Senior Internship; or Envs. 195A + Envs. 195B, Senior Thesis) and the Economics Comprehensive Exam (by passing Economics 100A and 113 with grades of "C" or higher).  Inquiries regarding this major should be directed to Don Bard (dbard@ucsc.edu or 831-459-5004) in the Environmental Studies Department.

Mathematics and Statistics Content Requirement: Mathematics: Successful completion of Economics 11A and 11B, also offered as Applied Mathematics and Statistics 11A and 11B, (or equivalent) is required of all economics majors and is prerequisite to Economics 100A (or 100M), 100B (or 100N), and 113. Therefore, students are advised to take Economics 11A and 11B or their equivalent as early as possible in their undergraduate career. Mathematics 11A-B and 22 (or 23A by petition only through the math department), or 19A-B and 22 or 23A, are acceptable equivalents to Economics 11A and 11B. Students may also complete the mathematics requirement by taking Mathematics 11A or Mathematics 19A, and then Economics 11B or Applied Mathematics and Statistics 11B. Students planning to pursue graduate work in economics or business should seriously consider more intensive mathematical training; consult an adviser.

Transfer students interested in the combined Economics/Mathematics major are encouraged to complete as many lower-division (mathematics and statistics) courses as they can prior to transferring. The courses need to be equivalent to Math 19A, 19B, 23A and 23B.

Statistics: Applied Mathematics and Statistics 5, Statistics or

Applied Mathematics and Statistics 7, Statistical Methods for Biological, Environmental and Health Sciences